As the desalination project has great development potential and market prospects, although it only accounts for a fraction of the total sales of industrial valves, the demand for valves in the desalination industry is indeed growing. This is a major business opportunity especially for manufacturers of corrosion-resistant fluid control equipment. Water scarcity and population growth are the main reasons for the above situation, so the markets involved are mainly concentrated in the Middle East. Of course, desalination is a global industry, and it is used by more than 160 countries to produce domestic and industrial water. As a result, many related companies have entered the desalination and water treatment industries.
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China's desalination industry will develop in a large-scale and integrated direction and gradually become an important strategic emerging industry. China will promote the development of desalination industry from four aspects. First, increase the operation of desalination equipment. The second is to establish and improve the seawater desalination standard system, cultivate leading enterprises, and form an industrial scale; the third is to implement island seawater desalination utilization projects to meet the island's basic living and working needs; the fourth is to promote the seawater desalination development industry fund To lay the foundation for "going out" to dilute equipment.
With the growth of the world's population and the rapid development of the economy and society, the global water crisis is intensifying, and desalination is playing an increasingly important role in solving the global water shortage problem. In the future, desalination will become "just-needed" and the desalination industry will also enter a "new normal" of rapid development. Such a huge market will bring unlimited business opportunities to the valve industry; the valve equipment industry will have a huge market share in seawater.
Global warming and climate change have increased the frequency and extent of droughts, and they are no longer confined to arid regions, but have expanded to a wider range. In many countries, water security issues have risen to the political level, and desalination is often the only viable solution.
According to the United Nations, more than two billion people worldwide live in countries with severe water shortages. Moreover, in areas where nearly half of the world's population lives, there is a risk of water shortages for at least one month each year. And by 2050, that number could exceed 5 billion. About 73% of all affected people live in Asia. The crisis in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) water supply is more severe.
That being the case, it is not surprising that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has become a relatively large desalination market. In-service municipal installed capacity in this range accounts for approximately 61% of the world's total, and municipal installed capacity under construction accounts for approximately 75% of the global weight.
According to the characteristics of seawater desalination in China and the development trend of advanced seawater desalination technology and equipment, research and demonstration of water treatment equipment, valves, key, engineering applications and other aspects of China's seawater desalination technology research and demonstration, give play to various advantages, and develop specific technologies , Design and manufacture of key components and equipment, process technology route and scheme selection, engineering construction and management, and engineering application operation, etc., make overall plans, actively carry out demonstration pilot work, and explore the development model of the desalination industry in line with China's actual situation.
Sorted by country, Saudi Arabia is the larger market, followed by the UAE and the United States. And in these three countries, the desalination market is also developing at a faster pace, providing considerable opportunities for valve sales and aftermarket. Spain, Kuwait, Algeria, Israel, Qatar and Australia are also larger markets. It is expected that by 2022, Oman, Egypt, China, Morocco, Singapore, Iraq, India, Kenya and Tunisia will all have considerable new capacity put into operation.
As far as the seawater desalination equipment manufacturing market is concerned, China now basically has the ability to process and manufacture seawater desalination equipment. The quality assurance system can also meet the requirements and has a strong price competitiveness in the international market.
Jebel Ali M-Station is the largest power generation and desalination plant in the UAE and the fourth largest desalination plant in the world, with a desalination capacity of 636,440 cubic meters per day. The Jebel Ali power generation and desalination complex is located outside Dubai, and the M-Station is located inside the complex, accompanied by several other large-scale desalination plants with a combined capacity of approximately 1.72 million cubic meters per day.
All desalination plants use multi-stage flash (MSF) technology and are operated and managed by the Dubai Water and Electricity Authority (DEWA). The Dubai Water and Electricity Authority needs to provide drinking water to Dubai's expanding city and more than 3 million residents. Earlier this year, another new desalination project broke ground in the Jebel Ali power generation and desalination complex. The design capacity of the project is 181,840 cubic meters per day, which is expected to be put into operation in May 2020. The use of reverse osmosis membrane (RO) technology is in line with the industry's tendency to adopt membrane desalination technology.